Image from page 144 of “The ancient cities of the New World : being travels and explorations in Mexico and Central America from 1857-1882” (1887)

Image from page 144 of “The ancient cities of the New World : being travels and explorations in Mexico and Central America from 1857-1882” (1887)

A few nice china pipe molds images I found:

Image from page 144 of “The ancient cities of the New World : being travels and explorations in Mexico and Central America from 1857-1882” (1887)
china pipe molds
Image by Internet Archive Book Images
Identifier: ancientcitiesofn00char
Title: The ancient cities of the New World : being travels and explorations in Mexico and Central America from 1857-1882
Year: 1887 (1880s)
Authors: Charnay, Désiré, 1828-1915
Subjects: Indians of Mexico Indians of Central America
Publisher: London : Chapman and Hall
Contributing Library: Getty Research Institute
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation

View Book Page: Book Viewer
About This Book: Catalog Entry
View All Images: All Images From Book

Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable online version of this book.

Text Appearing Before Image:
aight and curv^ed water-pipes, vases andfragments of vases, enamelled terra-cotta cups, bringing to mindthose at Tenenepanco; seals, one of which (an eagles head) I hadengraved for my personal use ; bits which were curiously like old Palpan and the Toltecs. 107 Japanese china ; moulds, one having a head with a huge plait andhair smoothed on both sides of her face, like an old maid ;besides innumerable arrow-heads and knives of obsidian strewingthe ground. In fact, a whole civilisation. This house, the first it was our fortune to discover, was builton a somewhat modified natural elevation ; the various apart-ments follow the direction of the n ■;.a^^j^fe:;^«^:^,,,,,, „„_^ ■ ■ – ■ ^■^^■^fe^^a ground and areranged on dif-ferent levels, num-bering from zeroelevation for thelowest to 8 ft.for the highest.The walls areperpendicular, theroofs flat ; and athick coatino- ofcement, the sameeverywhere, wasused, whether forroofs, ceilings,floors, pavements,or roads. On examininof

Text Appearing After Image:
GROUND PLAN OF TOLTEC PALACE UNEARTHED AT TULA (LEMAIRE). No. I. Principal Court. No. 2, Facade. No. 3, Entrance. No. 4,Reception Apartment. No. 5, Ruined W^all. No. 6, Enclosuresfor Animals. No. 7, Right W^ing of the Palace. No. 8, LeftWing. the monuments at Tula, we are filled with admiration for themarvellous building capacity of the people who erected them ;for, unlike most primitive nations, they used every material atonce. They coated their inner walls with mud and mortar,faced their outer walls with baked bricks and cut stone, hadwooden roofs, and brick and stone staircases. Thev were io8 The Ancient Cities of the New World. acquainted with pilasters (we found them in their houses), withcaryatides, with square and round columns ; indeed, they seem tohave been familiar with every architectural device. That theywere painters and decorators we have ample indications in thehouse we unearthed, where the walls are covered with rosettes,palms, red, white, and gray geometrical figures

Note About Images
Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

Image from page 143 of “The ancient cities of the New World : being travels and explorations in Mexico and Central America from 1857-1882” (1887)
china pipe molds
Image by Internet Archive Book Images
Identifier: ancientcitiesofn00char
Title: The ancient cities of the New World : being travels and explorations in Mexico and Central America from 1857-1882
Year: 1887 (1880s)
Authors: Charnay, Désiré, 1828-1915
Subjects: Indians of Mexico Indians of Central America
Publisher: London : Chapman and Hall
Contributing Library: Getty Research Institute
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation

View Book Page: Book Viewer
About This Book: Catalog Entry
View All Images: All Images From Book

Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable online version of this book.

Text Appearing Before Image:
foundhere materials readyto hand for theirconstructions. I began my exca-vations by soundingthe small moundNo. I to the north-east, where the side of a wall was visible ; and I found everywhere the ground con-necting houses, palaces, and gardens, thickly coated with cement ;but in the inner rooms the flooring was of red cement. Therubbish was cleared away, and in a few days a complete housewas unearthed, consisting of several apartments of various size,nearly all on different levels; having frescoed walls, columns,pilasters, benches, and cisterns, recalling a Roman implMvium, GROUND PLAN OF FIRST TOLTEC HOUSE UNEARTHED AT TULA(FROM LEMAIRE). A, Cisterns. B, Various Apartments. C, Kitchen.D, Seats. E, Entrance. io6 The Ancient Cities of the New World. whilst flights of steps and narrow passages connected the variousapartments. We had brought to Hght a Toltec house! I picked out of the rubbish many curious things : huge bakedbricks, from one foot to nine inches by two and two and a half

Text Appearing After Image:
ri.AN OF THE HIl.L AT TULA (ANCIENT TALTAN). No. I, Excavations of Toltec House. No. 2, Tomb Excavated. No. 3, Palace Excavations.Nos. 4 and 5, Pyramids of Sun and Moon. No. 6, Esplanades and Mounds, Sites of AncientDwellings. No. 7, Tlachtli, Tennis-Court. No. 8, Tula River, in thickness ; filters, straight and curv^ed water-pipes, vases andfragments of vases, enamelled terra-cotta cups, bringing to mindthose at Tenenepanco; seals, one of which (an eagles head) I hadengraved for my personal use ; bits which were curiously like old Palpan and the Toltecs. 107 Japanese china ; moulds, one having a head with a huge plait andhair smoothed on both sides of her face, like an old maid ;besides innumerable arrow-heads and knives of obsidian strewingthe ground. In fact, a whole civilisation. This house, the first it was our fortune to discover, was builton a somewhat modified natural elevation ; the various apart-ments follow the direction of the n ■;.a^^j^fe:;^«^:^,,,,,, „„_^ ■ ■

Note About Images
Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

Image from page 490 of “The fireside university of modern invention, discovery, industry and art for home circle study and entertainment” (1902)
china pipe molds
Image by Internet Archive Book Images
Identifier: firesideuniversi01mcgo
Title: The fireside university of modern invention, discovery, industry and art for home circle study and entertainment
Year: 1902 (1900s)
Authors: McGovern, John. [from old catalog]
Subjects: Science
Publisher: Chicago, Union pub. house
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress

View Book Page: Book Viewer
About This Book: Catalog Entry
View All Images: All Images From Book

Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable online version of this book.

Text Appearing Before Image:
ages under misleading names, and real China-ware—the first of the famous Dresden China—began to come outof the fortress. At the Worlds Fair of 1893, the Royal Saxon CHINA. 445 potteries exhibited their manufactures, but their art seemed tohave developed into the making of artificial flowers rather thantable ware. The great Porcelain Porch, in the Imperial GermanExhibit, outdid the famous Porcelain tower of Man-King inChina. Did Bottichers secret escape ? Yes. The Emperor of Austria finally founded a factory atVienna, but it never succeeded fully. To start it, a workmanescaped from the prison-like works at the castle of Meissenabout ten years after the first Porcelain was made. The Vien-nese royal pottery ran, however, till 1864. When did the King of France start his Porcelain Factory ? In 1753, when a semi-private factory at Vincennes was removedto the town of Sevres, in the suburbs of Paris. The Frenchchemists actually prepared an artificial Kao-lin, and used it for -m~*-^^ ~f—

Text Appearing After Image:
Fig. 167. GILDING THE PORCELAIN. 446 THE FIRESIDE UNIVERSITY. the biscuit until the German secret came out and French Kao-linwas found, in 17 – H, -Hn ynadet White sand, 60; nitre. 22 : sal:. 7.2 ; alum, $-6 S soda, 3.6 ;gvpsum, 3.6. This compound was roasted at a high tempera-ture, then ground to a fine powder, and washed with boilingwater. To nine parts of this mixture, or frit, two parts of chaand one of a pipe-clay were added. This mixture was againground, and passed through silk sieves. It was mixed formolding with water and soap or size, and in this condition wasoperated on by the potter. How docs the Sevres Potter proceed t If making a set of plates or saucers, he takes the potterswheel, exactly as the later Egyptians did, and turns it withhis feet. A mold of a plate is set on the wheel. Forillustration, let us (incorrectly) suppose it be a plate exactly 1the one he is to produce on the wheel. The mold, then, isturned bottom upward. On the bottom of the mold, he spreadsa very t

Note About Images
Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

South America Polyolefins (PO) Industry

South America Polyolefins (PO) Industry

South America Polyolefins (PO) production is currently estimated to be million tonnes in 2015 and is anticipated to attain million tonnes displaying a compound annual growth rate of . Polyethylenes (PE) and Polypropylenes (PP) are the world’s most extensively utilised commodity plastic resins. The industry for these person sections expected to grow at a CAGR of and respectively, with PE having a share of about of the total South American plastics market place, and PP obtaining a share of.

Currently, Brazil is the largest polyolefins market in South America, acquiring more than of the South America market place. The region has huge installed plant capacities of polyolefins. The market is emerging in different emerging markets to the growing industrial activity. Polyolefin are employed in an increasing number of markets – from Film &amp Sheet, Blow Molding, Injection Molding, Fibers and other individuals.

Essential participants in the South America polyolefins marketplace contain LyondellBasell Industries NV (The Netherlands), China Petroleum &amp Chemical Corporation (China), The Dow Chemical Business (U.S.), Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (Saudi Arabia) amongst others

Drivers
Polyolefin industry is anticipated to develop significantly in future boosted by effortless availability of raw material in the area and growing demand from packaging &amp building market. Furthermore the shale gas boom has supplied an chance for availability of less costly raw material, thus widening profit margins for the producers therefore, supplying a increase to the industry. Injection-molded plastics business is flourishing at a fast pace in emerging economies is ultimately driving demand in these regions.

Challenges
High capacity-to-demand ratio will act as a barrier for the growth of polyolefin business but increasing demand due to elevated applications is expected to fade its effect.

What the report includes
The report elucidates the predicament of polyolefin around the world and research the markets of the polyolefin variety which incorporate Higher-density Polyethylene (HDPE), Low-density Polyethylene (LDPE), and Polypropylene (PP).

Lastly, the report is divided by countries – Brazil, Argentina and other individuals where-in the marketplace share of each region is analyzed and estimates are provided for the next five years. The various applications of polyolefin have been discussed in detail in addition to a extensive overview of the market.

Mordor Intelligence understands the need of distinctive data requirement in today’s rapidly-paced and competitive business environment, assisting you gain the edge over your competitors. To download this report pay a visit to South America Polyolefins (PO) Market

Associated Injection Molded Plastics China Articles

Reshoring: Right for America

Reshoring in America is selecting up speed–even in this uncertain economy. Expenses (specifically labor) are escalating in China, a trend that is eroding the huge expense savings that initially compelled businesses to set up operations there. This is top to the emergence of new lowest-expense centers like Vietnam or Indonesia, which are far behind on the top quality curve.

According to a survey by Boston Consulting Group (BCG) in late February, more than one particular-third of U.S.-based manufacturing executives at businesses with sales greater than $ 1 billion are planning to bring production back to the United States from China or, are taking into consideration it. That’s fantastic news for American manufacturing.

Companies that have currently reshored or are in the procedure of reshoring contain Basic Electric, Master Lock, Wham-O, Windstream Technologies, Element Electronics, Sleek Audio, ECI Biotech, Whirlpool, and Chesapeake Bay Candle.

The top considerations for reshoring are labor cost, item high quality, and just-in-time manufacturing and delivery. Other important variables are ease of carrying out enterprise, speed of carrying out business, proximity to clients, identical time zones, and lack of language barriers.
This could come as a surprise, but goods can be manufactured in the U.S. at a comparable expense to China when new technologies and greatest practices are applied.
“Not lengthy ago, many firms regarded China as the low-cost default option for manufacturing,” says Michael Zinser, a BCG partner who leads the firm’s manufacturing work in the Americas. “Our final results show that organizations are coming to the conclusion surprisingly rapidly that the U.S. is becoming much more competitive when the total costs of manufacturing are accounted for.”
A case study reported in Manufacturing News (August, 2011) supports this claim–it revealed that, general, only an 8 % savings is realized when a solution is manufactured in China rather than the U.S.
“There are substantial savings linked with purchased components from China that incorporate direct labor (79 percent savings versus U.S. labor prices), indirect labor and salaries (61 % savings), positive aspects (75 percent savings), overhead (40 percent savings) and selling, general and administrative (SG&ampA) (11 % savings),” states the study. “When adding logistics to the China price, the price advantage of generating in China shrinks to eight percent: $ 13.85 for a case-study product created in China versus $ 14.99 in the United States.”
This reduced cost differential reflects the total cost of ownership–a idea that the Reshoring Initiative (www.reshorenow.org), an industry-led work to bring manufacturing jobs back to the United States, wants every single organization to recognize.
Its “Total Price of Ownership” tool shows that the typical value of a item created in the United States is 142 % higher than in China even so, when the total cost of ownership is calculated, the U.S. cost disadvantage shrinks to 23 percent.
And that is just the average–when proactive makers establish revolutionary greatest practices and invest in newer technologies (especially automation), they can truly make merchandise at reduced expense than their Chinese counterparts, averaging 37 % lower.
The Reshoring Initiative’s Total Expense of Ownership Estimator gives a free of charge, potent on the internet tool that can quickly and effortlessly help uncover charges that might not otherwise be considered.
“Huge companies can use the tool to aggregate their costs and danger variables to really examine apples-to-apples in their sourcing decisions,” says Harry Moser, president of the Reshoring Initiative. “Additionally, smaller sized firms also can use the software as a sales tool, harnessing it to much more accurately reflect their competitiveness with overseas companies. The ‘Insourcing American Jobs’ forum brought substantial attention to this computer software and it is our hope that an even higher quantity of U.S. makers will now advantage from it.”

More usually than not processes like scientific molding or other types of manufacturing had been obtaining a lot less costly to do overseas. Now thanks to reshoring processes like these are coming back to US soil. Hopefully now manufacturing processes like plastic injection molding will stay in the US.